The Fred M. Greguras Papers consist of research materials and manuscripts related to the history of the United States Marines in China, primarily before and during World War II. Greguras' work charts the China Marine presence throughout the region, with a particular focus on documenting the physical landscape and built environment as they change over time. This also includes documentation of other military presences in the region, and material related to China Marines reunions in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. The collection is arranged in three series: China Marines Reunion Materials (1986-2018), Manuscripts (2006-2018), and Research Papers and Ephemera (1841-2018).
Series I, China Marines Reunion Materials, includes newsletters, correspondence, audiovisual materials, and ephemera related to China Marines reunion activities. These materials include information about event schedules, association membership, and China Marines' memories and reflections of their lived experiences. These files are arranged chronologically.
Series II, Manuscripts, includes manuscripts written by Fred M. Greguras based upon his extensive historical and field research. These reports shed light onto the historical use and current status of Marine Corps related places in China. These files are arranged alphabetically by title, and then chronologically.
Series III, Research Papers and Ephemera, includes research notes, serials, photographs, maps, and ephemera collected by Greguras in pursuit of his research endeavors. These materials document the presence of the Marines in China, and the movement of China Marine units to other locations in Asia before or after being stationed in China. It is divided into two subseries, Asia and Pacific Islands (1841-2015) and China (1886-2018). Materials are arranged by geographic region, and then alphabetically within region.
Subseries A, Asia and Pacific Islands, documents the presence of the China Marines in greater Asia and the Pacific before, during, and after World War II. This includes the movements of the 1st and 6th Marine Divisions from the mainland of Japan to China, as well as materials related to rest and recuperation locations from the Vietnam War era. It is divided into six subseries, Hong Kong (1841-2013), Japan (1904-2015), Korea (1945-2002), Pacific Islands (1927-2015), Philippine Islands (1892-2009), and Singapore (1881-2006). Hong Kong includes tourist booklets, postcards, and hotel ephemera primarily related to the region's role as a destination for American military personnel on rest and recuperation. It also contains photographs and other ephemera that document the British military presence in Hong Kong. Japan primarily documents Japanese military perspectives in China and Manchuria, and the American military occupation of post-World War II Japan. Korea includes materials from the Korean War period, military base yearbooks, and documentation of U.S. military sites. Pacific Islands includes locations in the Pacific where Marines fought during World War II before serving in China at the close of the war. Philippine Islands, reflects the American military's role in the region from the late 19th century through World War II, and documents military perspectives of the Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, American imperialism and expansionism, Subic Bay, and the Fourth Marines in Corregidor. Singapore, includes ephemera and maps related to the British military during the time of British imperial rule, and the city-state's role as a rest and recuperation location.
Subseries B, China, includes Greguras' research on the American military presence in China, with a focus on physical billet locations and both their past and contemporary conditions. It is divided into five subseries, General China (1886-2016), Peking (1900-2017), Shanghai (1906-2017), Tientsin (1900-2016), and Tsingtao (1894-2018). General China, includes materials that span multiple locations in China and are generally not tied to a specific location. Locations represented here, but not represented by individual subseries elsewhere, include Hsin Ho, Peitaiho, and Tang Ku, the port for Tientsin and Peking. This series also includes U.S. Marine Corps recruiting materials. Peking, materials focus on Legation Street and the Legation area, the Marines' role in the Boxer Rebellion or Yihetuan Movement, Nan Yuan Field of the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing (MAW) post-World War II, and the Red Cross run Embassy Club. Shanghai, follows the Fourth Marines in Shanghai from 1921-1941, the International Settlements, the Army and Navy personnel presence after World War II, and the evolution of the built environment through Greguras' own photographs taken around the turn of the 21st century. Tientsin includes materials related to the Battle of Tientsin in 1900, the U.S. barracks for the 15th Infantry and the Marines by Race Course Road, and construction of the brigade airfield at Hsin Ho. Tsingtao includes maps from the German imperial period pre-World War II, materials on the 6th Marine Division officers' club, and many souvenir handkerchiefs purchased by servicemen.