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Benjamin M. Levaco Papers



Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Personal Materials

Collected Publications and Narratives

Photographs and Photocopied Images

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Benjamin M. Levaco Papers, circa 1900-1999 | Special Collections & Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: Benjamin M. Levaco Papers, circa 1900-1999Save to your list.


Primary Creator: Levaco, Benjamin M. (1911-1998)

Extent: 2.9 Linear Feet


Series I: Personal Materials, circa 1920s-1998

     Subseries A Correspondence, 1929-1996

     Subseries B: Groups and Organizations, 1959-1996

     Subseries C: Travel, 1982-1994

     Subseries D: Narratives and Poetry, 1978-1994

     Subseries E: Miscellaneous Documents and Ephemera, circa 1920-1999

Series II: Collected Publications and Narratives, circa 1917-1999

     Subseries A: Scholarly Works and News Clippings, circa 1917-1999

     Subseries B: Memoirs and Personal Narratives, 1943-1984

Series III: Photographs and Photocopied Images, circa 1900-1999

Date Acquired: 00/00/1998

Subjects: Essays, Forgotten of Harbin, Levaco, Benjamin M., Poetry, Shanghai (China) - 20th Century, The China Society of Southern California, Tourism - China

Forms of Material: Ephemera, Paper records, Photographic material, Publications

Languages: English, Russian, Hebrew, Chinese


Benjamin Levaco was a Russian-born Jew who moved to China with his family in 1915 at the age of four. He grew up in Harbin and Tientsin, and after graduating high school began working for a sausage casing company in the 1930s. After World War II, he opened his own casing company with plants in Shanghai, Hangchow, Tientsin and Peking. He fled China with his wife in 1950, immigrating to New York City. He retired in the Los Angeles area, and traveled to China multiple times in the 1990s before his passing in 1998. The collection contains items from Levaco's life in China, as well as items related to his continued interest in the Old China Hands experience during his retirement.

Biographical Note

Benjamin (Ben) Levaco was born to Michael and Rachel Levaco in Kainsk, Siberia in 1911. His family moved to Harbin in 1915 to escape the rising Bolshevik forces in Russia, where his father ran a variety of businesses. In 1918, the family moved again to Yokohama, Japan, where Levaco attended Saint Joseph's College. The family lived in Japan until 1923, when the Great Kanto Earthquake hit and destroyed most of the city of Yokohama. The Levaco's were left without a home, business, or liquid assets as all records of their bank accounts were lost to the destruction of the earthquake. The family then moved to Tientsin, China, where Michael Levaco was able to establish a haberdashery. Benjamin attended the British Grammar School in Tientsin, graduated in 1927, and found employment in an American firm dealing in natural sausage casings, the Oppenheimer Casing Company.

As a part of his employment, Levaco traveled extensively throughout the interior of China and Mongolia to buy casings, and as a result became proficient in Chinese. In 1936, he was made the manager of a branch office in Shanghai, and worked there until 1941 when the occupying Japanese forces terminated all American-run businesses. During this time he worked as a real-estate agent, and after the war decided to establish his own casing export company with a few partners. His company, Huhzung Trading Company, owned plants in Shanghai, Hangchow, and expanded in 1948 to Tientsin and Peking as well. This business ran successfully until 1949, when Levaco decided to leave in the wake of the Communist takeover.

After hastily wrapping up his business affairs and losing much in the process, Levaco received a U.S. Immigration Visa in October of 1950, and moved to New York City with his second wife, Nata. Levaco worked a variety of jobs, including as a salesman for the Oppenheimer Casing Company and a Canadian casing company. Nata passed away in 1955 from cancer, and Levaco married his third wife, Sonia, in 1956. In 1971, he began working for the Independent Casing Company of Montreal, where he stayed for 20 years, even working over the phone when he and Sonia moved to Los Angeles, California, in 1986. Sonia passed away in 1989, but Levaco continued to live in the area, close to their daughter Gail and her family. Levaco took a number of trips to China in his later life, and was involved in a number of organizations for Old China Hands and Jewish people who formerly lived in China. He passed away in 1998, at the age of 87.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Benjamin M. Levaco Papers contain items from Levaco's life in China, as well as items related to his continued interest in the Old China Hands experience during his retirement. The collection is arranged in three series: Personal Materials (circa 1920-1998), Collected Publications and Narratives (circa 1917-1999), and Photographs and Photocopied Images (circa 1900-1999).

Series I, Personal Materials, contains five subseries: Correspondence (1929-1996), Groups and Organizations (1959-1996), Travel (1982-1994), Narratives and Poetry (1978-1994), and Miscellaneous Documents and Ephemera (circa 1920-1998). The Correspondence subseries consists of letters sent to and from Benjamin Levaco covering a variety of topics, including a series of love letters written by Levaco to a former girlfriend, Tania. The Groups and Organizations subseries consists of newsletters, correspondence, and other documents related to a number of groups in which Levaco was involved. These groups include Jewish organizations, groups related to the Old China Hands experience, and a creative writing group. The Travel subseries consists of brochures, postcards, ephemera, and arrangements related to the various trips Levaco took to China in the 1990s. The Narratives and Poetry subseries consists of stories, essays, and poetry written by Levaco mostly about his life and family. Also included are translations done by Levaco of his father Michael's poetry written in Russian in China. The Miscellaneous Documents and Ephemera subseries consists of a number of items related to Levaco's personal life in China and America, including identification documents, records of property owned by Levaco in Hungjao, genealogical information, and grades from his grammar school in Tientsin.

Series II, Collected Publications and Narratives, contains two subseries. Subseries A, Scholarly Works and News Clippings (circa 1917-1999,) contains articles, presentations, and news clippings collected by Levaco related mostly to the Jewish experience in China as well as information on China in general. Subseries B,  Memoirs and Personal Narratives (1943-1984), contains narratives and stories collected and sent to Levaco written by others about their experiences living and visiting China and Japan.

Series III, Photographs and Photocopied Images, consists of photographs and photocopied pictures of Levaco's life in China and America as well as his trips to China in the 1990s.

Subject/Index Terms

Forgotten of Harbin
Levaco, Benjamin M.
Shanghai (China) - 20th Century
The China Society of Southern California
Tourism - China

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections & Archives

Access Restrictions: The collection is open to research use.

Use Restrictions: Copyright for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection has not been transferred to California State University, Northridge. Copyright status for other materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Acquisition Source: Gail Levaco Goldman

Related Materials:

Benjamin Michael Levaco Papers at the Hoover Institution Archives, Stanford University

Old China Hands Archives

Preferred Citation: For information about citing items in this collection consult the appropriate style manual, or see the Citing Archival Materials guide.

Processing Information: Andy Villalobos, May 2012

Finding Aid Revision History:

Vicki Schmidtberger and Tim Kaufler, August 2012

Jessica Geiser, September, 2013

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series I: Personal Materials, ca. 1920-1998]
[Series II: Collected Publications and Narratives, ca. 1917-1999]
[Series III: Photographs and Photocopied Images, ca. 1900-ca. 1999],

Series II: Collected Publications and Narratives, ca. 1917-1999Save to your list.
Subseries A: Scholarly Works and News Clippings, ca. 1917-1999Save to your list.
Box 2Save to your list.
Folder 22: General Articles and Information on China, 1986-1994Save to your list.
Folder 23: Information on Old Shanghai, Tientsin, and Harbin, ca. 1990-ca. 1999Save to your list.
Folder 24: Scholarly Articles and Information on Jews in China, 1987-1992Save to your list.
Folder 25: Article on Ron Levaco's Documentary, "Round Eyes in the Middle Kingdom", 1996Save to your list.
Folder 26: "Judaism: A Historical Enclave Revealed" by Rabbi Howard A. BermanSave to your list.
Folder 27: Article and Presentation on Jews in Harbin, 1989, 1992Save to your list.
Folder 28: Presentations on Jews in Shanghai, 1989, 1994Save to your list.
Folder 29: "Chinese in America" EssaySave to your list.
Box 3Save to your list.
Folder 1: Newspaper Clippings from China and Russia, ca. 1919-ca. 1949Save to your list.
Folder 2: Newspaper and Magazine Articles, 1977-1999Save to your list.
Box 4Save to your list.
Folder 5: "Shanghai Daze," by Orville Schell - Los Angeles Times Magazine, 18 June 1995Save to your list.
Folder 6: Russian ArticlesSave to your list.
Subseries B: Memoirs and Personal Narratives, 1943-1984Save to your list.
Box 3Save to your list.
Folder 3: Asbury, Earl and Sally - "China and Tibet - 1984"Save to your list.
Folder 4: B-n, M - "Emigre Seder in Yokohama - 1919", 1943Save to your list.
Folder 5: Fradkin, Abraham - "Guests for a Moment" and "The International Seminar on 'Jews in Shanghai'"Save to your list.
Folder 6: Fradkin, Abraham - "Period in the Circle" and "The Earth is Trembling"Save to your list.
Folder 7: Guang, Pan - "President Herzog in Shanghai"Save to your list.
Folder 8: Hodgeman, Joan - "Reminiscences of a Journey to China in August, 1978"Save to your list.
Folder 9: Klyachko, L. - "Stories of the Past" (In Russian)Save to your list.
Folder 10: Machado, Mario - "Shanghai Memories: What Do I Remember???"Save to your list.
Folder 11: Moranz, Irving - "A Fugitive's Journey"Save to your list.
Folder 12: Zakharov, A. - "Forgotten of Harbin: Book 1" (In Russian), 1960Save to your list.
Folder 13: Zakharov, A. - "Forgotten of Harbin: Book 2" (In Russian), 1960Save to your list.
Folder 14: Zakharov, A. - "Forgotten of Harbin: Book 3" (In Russian), 1960Save to your list.
Folder 15: "Impressions of My Trip Back"Save to your list.
Folder 16: Photocopy of a Letter from an Old China Hand in Tientsin, 1901Save to your list.

Browse by Series:

[Series I: Personal Materials, ca. 1920-1998]
[Series II: Collected Publications and Narratives, ca. 1917-1999]
[Series III: Photographs and Photocopied Images, ca. 1900-ca. 1999],

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