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International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (ILWU), Local 13 Records, Part III

Overview

Abstract

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Executive Board and Regular Meetings, Local 13

Committee and Council Records

Arbitration Awards

Longshore, Ship Clerks, and Walking Bosses Caucus

Subject Files

General Correspondence Files

ILWU Contract Agreements

ILWU Legal Case Files

ILWU Bulletins and Newsletters

Financial Records



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International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (ILWU), Local 13 Records, Part III, 1934-1998 | Special Collections & Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (ILWU), Local 13 Records, Part III, 1934-1998Save to your list.

Predominant Dates:1970-1989

ID: URB/ILWU-III

Primary Creator: International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union, Local 13 (Wilmington, Los Angeles, Calif.)

Extent: 30.31 Linear Feet

Arrangement:

Series I: Executive Board and Regular Meetings, Local 13, 1935-1991

Series II: Committee and Council Records, 1936-1993

Series III: Arbitration Awards, 1960-1991

Series IV: Longshore, Ship Clerks, and Walking Bosses Caucus, 1969-1993

Series V: Subject Files, 1934-1998

Series VI: General Correspondence Files, 1946-1991

Series VII: ILWU Contract Agreements, 1936-1991

Series VIII: ILWU Legal Case Files, 1946-1991

Series IX: ILWU Bulletins and Newsletters, 1960-1989

Series X: Financial Records, 1967-1993

Date Acquired: 00/00/1998

Forms of Material: Paper records, Photographic material

Languages: English, Spanish;Castilian

Abstract

The International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) is a labor union which primarily represents dock workers on the West Coast of the United States, and was established in 1937. The Los Angeles Chapter, Local 13, was established shortly thereafter. The collection documents the establishment, development, goals, and achievements of unionism on the Pacific Coast, including labor/management relations, labor conditions on the waterfront, the sudden effects of mechanization on the longshore labor force, and the day-to-day administration of this longshore union.

Biographical Note

In 1892, members of the longshore union met in Detroit, Michigan to christen their organization as the National Longshoremen's Association of the United States. The new union quickly became an official arm of the trade unionist movement by joining with the American Federation of Labor (AFL). With successful expansion into ports on the east and west coasts, including several Canadian ports by 1895, the union changed its name to the International Longshoremen's Association (ILA).

By the end of 1933, West Coast longshoremen voted to suspend local ILA president Lee Holman rather than accept a conservative contract largely supported by the East Coast membership. This was a major setback for ILA president Joe Ryan. Thus, the 1934 West Coast Longshore Strike began.

Union solidarity and commitment to coast-wide bargaining gained during the early days of the 1934 West Coast Strike and the support shown through the San Francisco General Strike gave longshoremen the confidence they needed to turn down the settlement agreed to by Joe Ryan, President of the ILA, and continue the strike. Except for San Pedro longshoremen, whose conservative leadership convinced its membership to abide by the agreement, the rest of the West Coast locals voted in favor of continuing their violent struggle for recognition and a coast wide agreement more favorable to dockworkers.

The 1934, West Coast Strike was the first truly successful attempt by the ILA to gain control of the waterfront. It was also the beginning of the end for the conservative faction within the International to maintain control of the West Coast longshoremen. On October 12, 1934 a National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) arbitration ruling awarded the longshoremen increases in base rates of pay, provisions for penalty cargo rates, the establishment of the thirty-hour work week, and, most important, joint operation of the hiring hall whereby dispatchers would be selected by the ILA.

In the coming years, numerous setbacks coupled with the lack of International support for the 1936 West Coast 98-day maritime strike led many of the West Coast locals to form an independent "Waterfront Federation." The final break from the ILA came in May during the 1937 Annual Convention of the ILA's Pacific Coast District, when three resolutions were passed by the membership to leave the AFL to join the newly established Committee of Industrial Organizations (later known as the CIO).

In August 1937, the CIO issued a new charter to the "International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union" (ILWU). Then, in June 1938, the National Labor Relations Board voted in favor of the ILWU as the recognized bargaining agent for the entire Pacific Coast. The ILWU has remained separate from the ILA since these early jurisdictional, political and organizational disputes. In 1950, the ILWU would again face political turmoil with a growing conservatism within the CIO. The longshoremen of the West Coast, along with ten other "left-wing" unions were expelled from the CIO during the early years of the Cold War. The fact that the ILWU was the only union to survive this drastic measure by the national organization attests to the solidarity of its leadership and membership and their continued commitment to union activism.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (ILWU), Local 13 Records, Part III, documents the establishment, development, goals, and achievements of unionism on the Pacific Coast through agreements, arbitration awards, bulletins, convention proceedings, committee records, contracts, correspondence, legal documents, working papers and audio-tapes. The records describe in detail labor/management relations, labor conditions on the waterfront, the sudden effects of mechanization on the longshore labor force, and the day-to-day administration of this longshore union. The collection is organized in three parts, of which this is Part III. Part III has been divided into ten major series: Executive Board and Regular Meetings, Local 13 (1935-1991), Committee and Council Records (1936-1993), Arbitration Awards (1960-1991), Longshore, Ship Clerks, and Walking Bosses Caucus (1969-1993), Subject Files (1934-1998), General Correspondence Files (1946-1991), ILWU Contract Agreements (1936-1991), ILWU Legal Case Files (1946-1991),  ILWU Bulletins and Newsletters (1960-1989), and Financial Records (1967-1993).

Series I, Executive Board and Regular Meetings, Local 13, continues the series of the same name in Parts I and II, and as such consists predominately of minutes for meetings of the Executive Board and Regular meetings of the membership. The files also contain minutes of Stop Work Meetings of Local 13's membership. The minutes are arranged chronologically.

Series II, Committee and Council Records, contains attendance records, correspondence, membership lists, minutes, notes, reports and working papers for the many committees created to administratively run ILWU activities. Continuations of committee records found in Parts I & II are included in this series. The files for the three Labor Relations committees (Area, Coast and Joint) are filed alphabetically, rather than together as seen in Part I. Labor relations files for the period 1970-1978 were included in the papers of Rudy Rubio. Trial Committee records were donated by Tony Salcido. Materials are arranged alphabetically by committee.

Series III, Arbitration Awards, consists of documents regarding union and employer complaints, conflicts and labor issues on the waterfront. Materials are arranged alphabetically by arbitration area.

Series IV, Longshore, Ship Clerks, and Walking Bosses Caucus, continues to document the caucus proceedings for the bi-annual meetings of the LSCWBC.  Part I ended in 1965, Part II adds an additional two years of proceeding typescripts to the collection (April 1965-April 1967), and Part III  adds further summarized minutes and committee reports (1971-1973; 1991). There are volumes missing as was the case in Parts I and II. Materials are arranged alphabetically.

Series V, Subject Files, consist of booklets, brochures, constitutional amendments, convention packets, correspondence, newspaper clippings, newsletters, pamphlets, policy statements, proposals, union reports, working papers and related documents covering a wide variety of topics. Of particular significance are convention packets and working papers of Lou Loveridge for the biennial convention of the ILWU for the period of 1965-1971, the meeting minutes of the International Executive Board for the period of 1974-1980, the Pacific Maritime Association (PMA) Bulletin 1983-1985 and the correspondence files of striking union locals. The series also contains a twenty-five percent (25%) sampling of conditional penalty reports, employer complaints, jurisdictional dispute report, union complaints and visitor registration slips. Files are arranged in alphabetical order and chronological within each subject area.

Series VI, General Correspondence Files, is a small series of ten (10) file folders contains those correspondence files saved by ILWU, Local 13. The files are arranged chronologically.

Series VII, ILWU Contract Agreements, contains agreements, correspondence, notes and working papers which document contract negotiations between the ILWU and the many waterfront employers hiring longshoremen and warehousemen. Of particular significance are the agreements with Crescent Warehouse Company, Ltd.; Koppel Bulk Terminal; M.G.R.S. Corporation, Catalina and the National Lines Bureau, Inc. The series also contains the basic West Coast agreements with the Pacific Maritime Association (formerly the Waterfront Employers Association) and the general commercial warehouse, gearmen and sweepers agreements. The files are arranged alphabetically.

Series VIII, ILWU Legal Case Files, contains cases brought before the District Court, Superior Court and Court of Appeals, the National Labor Relations Board, and the District Court for the District of Hawaii. The series includes incomplete legal files of correspondence, documents filed in court, and court notices, including petitions and notification correspondence. Other unions represented among the legal papers include the, International Association of Machinists, the Marine Clerks Association, and the Office and Professional Employees, Local 30. Cases are arranged alphabetically.

Series IX, ILWU Bulletins and Newsletters, contains the ILWU, Local 13 Bulletin for the period 1960-1972. Of particular importance are the Strike Bulletins put out during the 1971-1972 strike. Other ILWU publications represented in this small series include the Warehouse News, published by the ILWU Warehousemen’s Local 26 (1986-1990) and the Washington Report, published by the ILWU, Washington office (1962-1979). Materials are arranged alphabetically by publication title.

Series X, Financial Records, consists of financial statements from the Coast Pro-Rata Committee regarding Local 13 accounts as well as statements from the International and from Local 13. Materials are arranged alphabetically.

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections & Archives

Access Restrictions: The collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions: Copyright for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection has not been transferred to California State University, Northridge. Copyright status for other materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Acquisition Source: International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union, Local 13

Related Materials:

Baldo Loy International Longshoremen's and Warehouse Union (ILWU) Ephemera Collection

Henry Gaitán International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (ILWU), Local 13 Collection

International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (ILWU), Local 13 Records, Part I

International Longashoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (ILWU), Local 12 Records, Part II

Robert Olvera, Sr. and Robert Olvera, Jr. International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (ILWU), Local 13 Collection

Tony Salcido International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (ILWU), Local 13 Collection

Preferred Citation: For information about citing items in this collection consult the appropriate style manual, or see the Citing Archival Materials guide.

Processing Information: Robert G. Marshall, Tony Salcido, April Feldman, 2007

Finding Aid Revision History: April Feldman, 2014


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series I: Executive Board and Regular Meetings, Local 13, 1935-1991]
[Series II: Committee and Council Records, 1936-1993]
[Series III: Arbitration Awards, 1960-1991]
[Series IV: Longshore, Ship Clerks, and Walking Bosses Caucus, 1969-1993]
[Series V: Subject Files, 1934-1998]
[Series VI: General Correspondence Files, 1946-1991]
[Series VII: ILWU Contract Agreements, 1936-1991]
[Series VIII: ILWU Legal Case Files, 1946-1991]
[Series IX: ILWU Bulletins and Newsletters, 1960-1989]
[Series X: Financial Records, 1967-1993],
[All]

Series IX: ILWU Bulletins and Newsletters, 1960-1989Save to your list.
Box 62Save to your list.
Folder 37: ILWU News, 1973 May 5Save to your list.
Folder 38: ILWU Area Publicity Committee, Area Strike Bulletin, February 1972Save to your list.
Folder 39: ILWU, Local 10 (San Francisco, CA) Longshore Bulletin, 1961Save to your list.
Folder 40: ILWU, Local 10 (San Francisco, CA) Longshore Bulletin, 1972Save to your list.
Folder 41: ILWU, Local 13 (Long Beach, CA) Bulletin, 1960Save to your list.
Folder 42: ILWU, Local 13 (Long Beach, CA) Bulletin, 1961Save to your list.
Folder 43: ILWU, Local 13 (Long Beach, CA) Bulletin, 1962Save to your list.
Folder 44: ILWU, Local 13 (Long Beach, CA) Bulletin, 1963Save to your list.
Folder 45: ILWU, Local 13 (Long Beach, CA) Bulletin, 1971Save to your list.
Box 63Save to your list.
Folder 1: ILWU, Local 13 (Long Beach, CA) Bulletin, 1972Save to your list.
Folder 2: ILWU, Warehousemen Local 26 (Los Angeles, CA) Warehouse News, 1986, 1987Save to your list.
Folder 3: ILWU, Warehousemen Local 26 (Los Angeles, CA) Warehouse News, December 1989, March 1990Save to your list.
Folder 4: ILWU, Washington Office, Washington Report, 1962 February 12, April 2Save to your list.
Folder 5: ILWU, Washington Office, Washington Report, 1969 April 28Save to your list.
Folder 6: ILWU, Washington Office, Washington Report, October 1970Save to your list.
Folder 7: ILWU, Washington Office, Washington Report, January, July 1971Save to your list.
Folder 8: ILWU, Washington Office, Washington Report, July 1972Save to your list.
Folder 9: ILWU, Washington Office, Washington Report, 1976Save to your list.
Folder 10: ILWU, Washington Office, Washington Report, 1977Save to your list.
Folder 11: ILWU, Washington Office, Washington Report, 1978Save to your list.
Folder 12: ILWU, Washington Office, Washington Report, 1979Save to your list.
Folder 13: ILWU Women’s Auxiliary, Local 60 (Seward, AK), "60 Speaks", 1961Save to your list.

Browse by Series:

[Series I: Executive Board and Regular Meetings, Local 13, 1935-1991]
[Series II: Committee and Council Records, 1936-1993]
[Series III: Arbitration Awards, 1960-1991]
[Series IV: Longshore, Ship Clerks, and Walking Bosses Caucus, 1969-1993]
[Series V: Subject Files, 1934-1998]
[Series VI: General Correspondence Files, 1946-1991]
[Series VII: ILWU Contract Agreements, 1936-1991]
[Series VIII: ILWU Legal Case Files, 1946-1991]
[Series IX: ILWU Bulletins and Newsletters, 1960-1989]
[Series X: Financial Records, 1967-1993],
[All]


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