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World War II Rationing Collection

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

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World War II Rationing Collection, 1942-1945 | Special Collections & Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: World War II Rationing Collection, 1942-1945Save to your list.

ID: SC/WWR

Extent: 0.05 Linear Feet

Date Acquired: 01/27/2015

Forms of Material: Paper records

Languages: English

Abstract

In 1942, the U.S. government’s Office of Price Administration (OPA) established a system of rationing intended to control supply and demand by regulating the amount of consumer goods available to Americans. Each American citizen was issued a series of ration books which contained removable stamps specific to particular items or types of items, with a designated quantity and time limit for purchase. This assembled collection consists of War Ration Books 1, 2, and 4 issued in the states of Maine and Massachusetts, an application for War Ration Book 3, a gasoline puchase permit, a Maine state driver's license, a War Ration Book holder, OPA coins, and newspaper clippings regarding ration information.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Following the bombing of Pearl Harbor and subsequent entrance of the United States into World War II, many factories began the process of converting to military production. With the fear of food shortages and potential for civilian unrest looming, the U.S. government’s Office of Price Administration (OPA) established a system of rationing intended to control supply and demand by regulating the amount of consumer goods available to Americans. Each American citizen was issued a series of ration books which contained removable stamps specific to particular items or types of items, with a designated quantity and time limit for purchase.

As early as January 1942, the government had imposed restrictions on the sale of cars and tires. The first War Ration Book was the “Sugar Book,” issued in May 1942. By the close of the War, ration books had been issued for bicycles, gasoline, fuel oil and kerosene, solid fuels, stoves, rubber footwear, shoes, sugar, coffee, processed foods, meats, canned fish, cheese, canned milk, fats, and typewriters. In addition to ration books, OPA coins were issued to retailers in order to give change back for food bought with ration stamps. Blue tokens were used for processed foods and red tokens for meats and fats.

This assembled collection consists of War Ration Books 1, 2, and 4 issued in the states of Maine and Massachusetts, an application for War Ration Book 3, a gasoline puchase permit, a Maine state driver's license, a War Ration Book holder, OPA coins, and newspaper clippings regarding ration information.

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections & Archives

Access Restrictions: The collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions: Copyright for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection has not been transferred to California State University, Northridge. Copyright status for other materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Acquisition Method: Purchase

Preferred Citation: For information about citing items in this collection consult the appropriate style manual, or see the Citing Archival Materials guide.

Processing Information: Holli Teltoe, 2016

Other Note: This collection was purchased with funds generously donated by Gus and Erika Manders.


Box and Folder Listing


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[Box 1],
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Box 1Save to your list.
Folder 1: [De Mass] Family Ration Books, ca. 1944Save to your list.
Folder 2: Newspaper Clippings and Mailers Regarding Rationing, ca. 1942-1945Save to your list.
Folder 3: Stafford Family Ration Book and Gasoline Purchase Permit, 1945 June 1Save to your list.
Folder 4: Taylor Family Ration Books and Driver's License, 1942-1943Save to your list.
Folder 5: Wingate Family Ration Books, Documentation for Auto-Related Rationing, Ration Book Holder, and Office of Price Administration Tokens, 1943-1945Save to your list.


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