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Max Mont Collection

Overview

Abstract

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

California Committee for Fair Practices

Californians Against Proposition 14

Community Relations Conference of Southern California

Emergency Committee to Aid Farm Workers

Governor's Office

Citizen's Advisory Committee for School Integration

Personal Activities



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Max Mont Collection, 1941-1980 | Special Collections & Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: Max Mont Collection, 1941-1980Save to your list.

Predominant Dates:1952-1980

ID: URB/MM

Primary Creator: Mont, Max (1917-)

Extent: 9.66 Linear Feet

Arrangement:

Series I: California Committee for Fair Practices, 1948, 1955-1968

            Subseries A: Administration, 1959-1968

            Subseries B:  Fair Employment Practices Commission, 1955-1967

            Subseries C: Legislative Advocacy, 1957-1968

            Subseries D: Civil Rights Concerns (Non-Housing), 1957-1969, 1976

            Subseries E: Fair Housing, 1948, 1959-1967

Series II: Californians Against Proposition 14, 1964

            Subseries A: Administration, 1964

            Subseries B: Campaign Literature and Publicity, 1964

            Subseries C: Special Interest Committees, 1964

            Subseries D: Proponents of Proposition 14, 1964

Series III: Community Relations Conference of Southern California, 1956‑1970, 1980

            Subseries A: General Projects, 1958-1960, 1972, 1980

            Subseries B: Human Relations Commission of Los Angeles, 1969, 1971

            Subseries C: Los Angeles County Commission on Human Relations, 1956-1958, 1963, 1966

            Subseries D: The Los Angeles Citizens Committee for Fair Housing, 1966, 1968, ca. 1972

            Subseries E: The Housing Opportunity Center, 1969-1973

Series IV: Emergency Committee to Aid Farm Workers, 1959‑1968

            Subseries A: Administration, 1961-1967

            Subseries B: Newsletters and Publicity, 1961-1969

            Subseries C: Project Files, 1961-1968

            Subseries D: Subject Files, 1947-1968

Series V: Governor's Office, 1959-1966

            Subseries A: General Information, 1962-1965

            Subseries B: Farm Labor and Agriculture, 1961-1966

            Subseries C: Civil Rights and Housing, 1959-1965

Series VI: Citizens Advisory Committee for School Integration, 1974-1979

Series VII: Personal Activities, 1952-1980

            Subseries A: Civil Rights (Non‑ Housing), 1953-1980

            Subseries B: Extremist Groups, 1964-1965

            Subseries C: Farm Labor, 1941, 1943, 1963-1978-1973

            Subseries D: Fair Housing, 1952-1953, 1965-1974

            Subseries E: Jewish Community Concerns, 1960-1976

            Subseries F: School Integration, 1970-1980

            Subseries G: General Material, 1954, 1963-1972, 1980

Date Acquired: 12/12/1982

Subjects: Agricultural laborers - California, Discrimination in housing - California - Los Angeles, Jewish Labor Committee (U.S.)

Forms of Material: Paper records, Photographic material, Publications

Languages: English

Abstract

Max Mont was the West Coast Executive Director of the Jewish Labor Committee (JLC), which serves as a representative body for working persons from the Jewish community by promoting human rights and assisting organized labor in its relations within the community and with other minority groups. As a JLC officer, Max Mont made himself available to other allied organizations to serve in various capacities, such as professional organizer, coordinator, advisor, public relations director and spokesperson. The Max Mont Collection provides documentation on Mr. Mont’s various personal and organizational activities in support of open housing for minorities and the poor, state civil rights legislation, integration of Los Angeles public schools, and the farm workers movement.

Biographical Note

Max Mont was the West Coast Executive Director of the Jewish Labor Committee (JLC) which serves as a representative body for working persons from the Jewish community by promoting human rights and assisting organized labor in its relations within the community and with other minority groups. The Committee actively involves itself with numerous issues pertaining to civil rights legislation, union representation of workers, improved working conditions, and economic and social assistance to the poor and minorities. Max Mont was a JLC officer who made himself available to other allied organizations and served in various capacities, such as professional organizer, coordinator, advisor, public relations director and spokesperson.

As a JLC field representative during the 1950s, Mr. Mont was active in lobbying and campaigning for public-supported housing, extension of old age assistance to the foreign born, creation of apprenticeship and training programs for minorities, and the establishment of a state Fair Employment Practices Commission. He was appointed the West Coast Executive Director of the Jewish Labor Committee in 1960, succeeding William L. Becker who became Governor Edmund G. Brown's aide on human relations and civil rights. During the same year, Mont was also elected Executive Secretary of the California Committee for Fair Practices (CCFP), a coordinating body of various civil rights groups lobbying for state legislation.

Maintaining close ties with Becker in the Governor's office, Mont and the CCFP successfully lobbied for passage of the Rumford Fair Housing Act of 1963, which outlawed discrimination in the sale or rental of housing on grounds of race and religion. When the California Real Estate Association (CREA) proposed a voter initiative in November 1963 to repeal the Rumford Act, the CCFP unsuccessfully campaigned to keep the initiative from gaining the requisite number of signatures to become a ballot measure. The initiative was placed on the November 1964 election ballot as Proposition 14, and became one of the most hotly contested political issues in California politics in the 1960s. Mr. Mont then became the Southern California campaign coordinator for Californians Against Proposition 14; a special election committee appointed by Governor Brown; originally called Californians for Fair Housing, which led an unsuccessful campaign to defeat the initiative. After the voters passed Proposition 14, the CCFP continued the battle by contesting its constitutionality in the courts. In 1966, the United States Supreme Court ruled that the proposition was indeed unconstitutional on the grounds that it sought to nullify a California state law which provided protection for rights already granted by the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments.

Max Mont fought for nondiscrimination in local employment and housing by participating in community organizations and agencies which aided minorities and the poor in exercising their rights and in seeking government assistance. Among these groups were the Los Angeles County Human Relations Commission and the Community Relations Conference of Southern California (CRCSC). Both groups fostered better relations among ethnic groups and neighborhoods, investigated complaints of discrimination, and sponsored educational programs and conferences devoted to social issues involving the status of minorities in the community.

CRCSC in particular aided minority groups in finding suitable housing within the local community, and lobbied for public‑supported housing. It operated the Housing Opportunities Center (of which Max Mont served on the Board of Directors during the early 1970s) which built, purchased and managed several housing projects within low‑income areas of Los Angeles. Due to his community activism, Max Mont was later appointed in 1976 to the Los Angeles Board of Education's Community Advisory Committee for School Integration (CACSI) which was assigned the responsibility of developing an initial school integration plan for the Los Angeles Unified School District.

Another major issue in which Max Mont and the Jewish Labor Committee became active was the plight of California farm workers. Between 1961 and 1968, Mr. Mont served as Secretary of the Emergency Committee to Aid Farm Workers (ECAFW), an activist group which successfully lobbied for the discontinuance of the Bracero or foreign farm labor program under Public Law 78, which operated three federally‑funded antipoverty projects that provided counseling, basic educational skills and training to domestic farm workers. During 1965, acting as a representative of the Los Angeles County Federation of Labor, AFL‑CIO, Mr. Mont played a key role as negotiator between wine/grape growers of the Coachella Valley and striking farm workers represented by the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) led by Cesar Chavez and the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC), AFL‑CIO, led by Al Green. The success of these negotiations resulted in the first union contracts for farm workers in California. NFWA and AWOC merged in 1967 to form the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC) under Chavez's leadership.

ECAFW disbanded in 1968, deciding to directly support farm workers within their own movement to gain union representation and the right to collective bargaining. Mr. Mont then actively served as a Los Angeles area boycott coordinator for the United Farm Workers Union strike and boycott against non‑union California table grapes and lettuce. In this capacity, he worked closely with the UFWOC, the California Migrant Ministry and the Interfaith Committee to Aid Farm Workers. He was especially influential in educating the Jewish community about the plight of farm workers which ultimately led to non‑union grapes being banned from ceremonial use for religious holidays by the Massachusetts and Southern California Boards of Rabbis.

Max Mont passed away in December 1991 and the age of 74. At the time of his death, he was still acting as executive director of the Jewish Labor Committee.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Max Mont Collection provides documentation on Mr. Mont’s various personal and organizational activities in support of open housing for minorities and the poor, state civil rights legislation, integration of Los Angeles public schools, and the farm workers movement. The collection is composed primarily of subject files of Max Mont and the several organizations in which he served. The files contain correspondence, newspaper clippings, leaflets, pamphlets, position statements, legal briefs, documentary transcripts, rosters, budgets, and testimony, as well as administrative, publicity and legislative advocacy files, and photographs. The collection is arranged into eight series according to Mont's organizational activities: California Committee for Fair Practices (1948, 1955-1968), Californians Against Proposition 14 (1964), Community Relations Conference of Southern California (1956‑1970, 1980), Emergency Committee to Aid Farm Workers (1947-1969), Governor's Office (1959-1966), Citizen's Advisory Committee for School Integration (1974-1979), and Personal Activities (1952-1980).

Series I, California Committee for Fair Practices, includes the minutes, rosters, correspondence, financial statements, newsletters, reports, brochures, and pamphlets of the committee, including newspaper clippings, published material, and leaflets of other groups collected by the organization. The majority of the documents are dated after 1960 when Max Mont officially became the Executive Secretary of the committee. This series is further divided into five major subseries based on the activities of the California Committee for Fair Practices: Administration (1959-1968), Fair Employment Practices Commission (1955-1967), Legislative Advocacy (1957-1968), Civil Rights Concerns (Non-Housing) (1957-1969, 1976), and Fair Housing (1948, 1959-1967). Each subseries is filed alphabetically.

Series II, Californians Against Proposition 14, documents Californians Against Proposition 14 (CAP 14), a temporary committee formed during 1964 by then-Governor Edmund G. Brown to coordinate election campaign efforts against the ballot initiative to repeal the Rumford Fair Housing Act of 1963. The committee was active from February to December, 1964. These records were collected and maintained by Max Mont, who served as the Southern California campaign coordinator for CAP 14. It includes correspondence, financial reports, rosters, campaign manuals, position statements, press releases, leaflets, pamphlets, newspaper clippings and a small amount of campaign ephemera. This series is further divided into the following four subseries: Administration, Campaign Literature and Publicity, Special Interest Committees, and Proponents of Proposition 14. Each subseries is filed alphabetically.

Series III, Community Relations Conference of Southern California, documents the work of the Community Relations Conference of Southern California and affiliated organizations and projects. The series contains correspondence, testimony, reports, ordinances, conference programs, minutes and newsletters pertaining to the issues of housing, development, civil rights and community relations between ethnic groups within Los Angeles County and Southern California. The files were collected and maintained by Max Mont as a member of the Los Angeles County Commission on Human Relations. The series is further divided into five subseries: General Projects (1958-1960, 1972, 1980), Human Relations Commission of Los Angeles (1969, 1971), Los Angeles County Commission on Human Relations (1956-1958, 1963, 1966), The Los Angeles Citizens Committee for Fair Housing (1966, 1968, ca. 1972), and The Housing Opportunity Center (1969-1973). Each subseries is filed alphabetically.

Series IV, Emergency Committee to Aid Farm Workers, consists of agreements, budgets, by‑laws, correspondence, financial statements, legislative bills, minutes, newsletters, published reports, transcripts and related documents dealing with the controversial issues of the Bracero program, unionization of domestic farm labor, the California table grape strike and boycott, antipoverty programs and migrant poverty of the 1960s. The series is sub-divided into four subseries: Administration (1961-1967), Newsletters and Publicity (1961-1969), Project Files (1961-1968), and Subject Files (1947-1968). Each subseries is filed alphabetically.

Series V, Governor's Office, includes correspondence, position statements, speeches, press releases, fact sheets and reports prepared and received by the office of Governor Edmund G. Brown between 1959 and 1966. These records were forwarded to Max Mont by William L. Becker, the Governor's Advisor on Civil Rights and Mont's predecessor as West Coast Executive Director of the Jewish Labor Committee. The series is divided into three subseries: General Information (1962-1965), Farm Labor and Agriculture (1961-1966), and Civil Rights and Housing (1959-1965). Each subseries is filed alphabetically.

Series VI, Citizens Advisory Committee for School Integration, consists of committee records, correspondence files, legal documents, and survey data covering topics that include bilingual-bicultural education, integration and bussing, and the Los Angeles Unified School District and is filed alphabetically.

Series VII, Personal Activities, contains brochures, conference programs, correspondence, legislative bills, newspaper clippings, newsletters, pamphlets, position papers, reports and similar documentation covering the wide subject areas found in the rest of the collection however, Mont's personal papers differ in that they are not primarily composed of records from a distinct single‑issue organization. Instead, the series contains Mont's own personal records pertaining to issues and activities of concern after his organizational involvement ended or before it began and documents Mont's political and civic activism and interests, his work as West Coast Executive Director of the Jewish Labor Committee, as representative for the Los Angeles County Federation of Labor, AFL‑CIO, and as a private individual. It is divided into seven subseries: Civil Rights (Non‑ Housing) (1953-1980), Extremist Groups (1964-1965), Farm Labor (1941, 1943, 1963-1978), Fair Housing (1952-1953, 1965-1974), Jewish Community Concerns (1960-1976), School Integration (1970-1980), and General Material (1954, 1963-1972, 1980). Each subseries is filed alphabetically.

Subject/Index Terms

Agricultural laborers - California
Discrimination in housing - California - Los Angeles
Jewish Labor Committee (U.S.)

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections & Archives

Access Restrictions: The collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions: Copyright for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection has not been transferred to California State University, Northridge. Copyright status for other materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Acquisition Source: Max Mont

Preferred Citation: For information about citing items in this collection consult the appropriate style manual, or see the Citing Archival Materials guide.

Processing Information: Robert G. Marshall, Cathy Sluter, and Han Xiaoquan, May 1988 and November 2003

Finding Aid Revision History:

Autumn Hayner, January 2005

Special Collections and Archives staff, 2012

Other Note: This collection was processed in part under a U.S. Department of Education Title V Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSI) Grant.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series I: California Committee for Fair Practices, 1948, 1955-1968]
[Series II: Californians Against Proposition 14, 1964]
[Series III: Community Relations Conference of Southern California, 1956‑1970, 1980]
[Series IV: Emergency Committee to Aid Farm Workers, 1947-1969]
[Series V: Governor's Office, 1959-1966]
[Series VI: Citizen's Advisory Committee for School Integration, 1974-1979]
[Series VII: Personal Activities, 1952-1980],
[All]

Series I: California Committee for Fair Practices, 1948, 1955-1968Save to your list.
Subseries A: Administration, 1959-1968Save to your list.
Box 1Save to your list.
Folder 1: Contributions and Pledges, September 1959-December 1967Save to your list.
Folder 2: Executive Committee, November 1959-February 1968Save to your list.
Folder 3: Financial Statements and Budgets, 1965 February 10Save to your list.
Folder 4: Mailing Lists: possible names and changes, June 1964-June 1965Save to your list.
Folder 5: Personnel Records, February 1967Save to your list.
Folder 6: Purpose; Function; Rules of Organization, December 1964, 1965Save to your list.
Folder 7: Sponsor Invitations and Acceptance Letters, October 1965-April 1967Save to your list.
Subseries B: Fair Employment Practices, 1955-1967Save to your list.
Box 1Save to your list.
Folder 8: Bank of America Affirmative Action Agreement, 1964 June 1Save to your list.
Folder 9: Evaluating Job Applicants with Police Records, July 1966Save to your list.
Folder 10: Fair Employment Practices Commission Administration of the Rumford Act, 1963 October 9-1966 June 20Save to your list.
Folder 11: Fair Employment Practices Commission Appointments, 1959 September 11, 1964 February 26Save to your list.
Folder 12: Fair Employment Practices Commission Assembly Bills and Mobilization, 1957-1959Save to your list.
Folder 13: Fair Employment Practices Commission Information and Conferences, 1960 March 9-1961 March 22Save to your list.
Folder 14: Guide to Pre-Employment Inquiries, January 1960, April 1964Save to your list.
Folder 15: Guidelines for Inquiry of Religious and Ethnic Background, November 1963Save to your list.
Folder 16: Los Angeles Committee for Equal Employment Opportunity, August 1955-January 1958Save to your list.
Folder 17: Recommended Amendments to Fair Employment Practices Commission Act, 1965 July 10, January-August 1967Save to your list.
Subseries C: Legislative Advocacy, 1957-1968Save to your list.
Box 1Save to your list.
Folder 18: Assembly Bill 141: Criminal Prohibition of Advocacy of Genocide, 1967 January 17Save to your list.
Folder 19: Assembly Bill 890: Housing Discrimination, April-May 1959Save to your list.
Folder 20: Assembly Bill 1240: Rumford Fair Housing Act, January-June 1963Save to your list.
Folder 21: Assembly Bill Categories: report by Harold Meyerson, ca. 1967Save to your list.
Folder 22: Civil Rights Protection in California, November 1959, 1961Save to your list.
Box 2Save to your list.
Folder 1: Federal Civil Right Legislation and Activity, 1957-1964 June 1Save to your list.
Folder 2: Housing Bills: hearing and lobby efforts, May-June 1967Save to your list.
Folder 3: Joint National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - California Committee for Fair Practices (CCFP) Legislative Advocate Program, January 1967-April 1968Save to your list.
Folder 4: Legislative Memos and Reports, July 1959-July 1967Save to your list.
Folder 5: Legislative Statewide Conference on Assembly Bill 801: Hawkins Fair Housing, April-September 1961Save to your list.
Folder 6: Legislative Recommendations, May 1966-April 1967Save to your list.
Folder 7: State Senate Bill 1470: letter to Senator George Miller Jr., 1967 July 20Save to your list.
Subseries D: Civil Rights Concerns (Non-Housing), 1957-1969, 1976Save to your list.
Box 2Save to your list.
Folder 8: Auto Insurance, 1962 January 1-1969Save to your list.
Folder 9: Becker, William: "Minority Potential in the 1962 California Elections, ca. 1960Save to your list.
Folder 10: Becker, William: Testimony to U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, September 1959-1960 February 11Save to your list.
Folder 11: Housing and Consumer Credit Insurance, February 1967-September 1968Save to your list.
Folder 12: Labor and Civil Rights, October 1957-March 1966Save to your list.
Folder 13: State Advisory Committee on Health of Seasonal Agricultural Workers, 1976 August 17Save to your list.
Subseries E: Fair Housing, 1948, 1959-1967Save to your list.
Subseries 1: General InformationSave to your list.
Box 2Save to your list.
Folder 14: American Federation of Labor - Congress of Industrial Organizations Position on Fair Housing, ca. 1967Save to your list.
Folder 15: American Friends Service Committee, 1963, February 1964Save to your list.
Folder 16: Fair Housing Information: California, February 1960-September 1966Save to your list.
Box 3Save to your list.
Folder 1: Governor's Conference on Housing 1960, March-July 1960Save to your list.
Folder 2: Hamsing-Hawkins Act: Assembly Bill 801Save to your list.
Folder 3: Housing Discrimination Cases: Nationwide, August 1959-September 1960Save to your list.
Folder 4: Housing Discrimination Cases/Restricted Listings: California, August 1956-October 1965Save to your list.
Folder 5: National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing: Chicago Conference 1965, Spring 1964-October 1965Save to your list.
Folder 6: National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing: Nationwide Efforts, July 1965-June 1966Save to your list.
Folder 7: Population and Housing: Los Angeles County, March 1963Save to your list.
Folder 8: Public Housing/Tenant's Issues: Sacramento, California, 1966 January 4, February 9Save to your list.
Folder 9: Trends in Housing: "Scoreboard", 1962 June 30, September 1963Save to your list.
Folder 10: United States Commission on Civil Rights: Housing Discrimination Cases; Testimony, January 1959-February 1960Save to your list.
Folder 11: Unruh Civil Rights Act: Public Accommodations in California, 1959 July 17-Spring 1960Save to your list.
Subseries 2: Proposition 14 ProponentsSave to your list.
Box 3Save to your list.
Folder 12: California Real Estate Association [CREA]: Statements, September 1948-November 1964Save to your list.
Folder 13: California Real Estate Association [CREA]: Equal Rights Committee Handbook and Speaker's Guide, 1964 June 27, September 1966Save to your list.
Folder 14: California Real Estate Association [CREA]: Leaders Sponsoring Proposition 14, 1964 January 13, August 6Save to your list.
Folder 15: Committee for Home Protection, September 1963-October 1964Save to your list.
Folder 16: Property Owners Bill of Rights, May 1963Save to your list.
Folder 17: Real Estate and Property Owners Groups Against Fair Housing, March 1963-December 1964Save to your list.
Subseries 3: Proposition 14 Campaign MaterialSave to your list.
Box 3Save to your list.
Folder 18: Anti-California Real Estate Association Initiative Effort: June vs. November Ballot, July 1963-April 1964Save to your list.
Box 4Save to your list.
Folder 1: Anti-Proposition 14 Coordination: Action newsletters, July 1963-April 1964Save to your list.
Folder 2: Ballot Arguments For and Against Proposition 14, March-July 1964Save to your list.
Folder 3: California Realtors for Fair Housing, November 1963-May 1964Save to your list.
Folder 4: Churches and Fair Housing, November 1963-October 1964Save to your list.
Folder 5: League for Decency in Real Estate, January-July 1967Save to your list.
Folder 6: Legal Analyses: Rumford Act; Proposition 14, November-December 1964Save to your list.
Folder 7: News Editorial: Rumford Act; Proposition 14, November 1963-July 1966Save to your list.
Folder 8: No Against proposition 14: campaign manual and strategy, 1964 February 5Save to your list.
Folder 9: Political Candidates and Proposition 14, March-May 1964Save to your list.
Folder 10: Potential Fundraising: Churches, February-September 1964Save to your list.
Folder 11: Rumford Act and Proposition 14: newspaper clippings, December 1963-November 1964Save to your list.
Folder 12: Speaker's Material and Handbook: Opposition to Segregation Amendment, April 1964Save to your list.
Folder 13: State Board of Education: Opposition to Proposition 14, ca. 1964Save to your list.
Subseries 4: Proposition 14 Post-Election EffortsSave to your list.
Box 4Save to your list.
Folder 14: Fresno Conference: Grassroots Efforts, November 1964-May 1967Save to your list.
Folder 15: Proposition 14 Court Case: newspaper clippings, November 1964-December 1966Save to your list.
Folder 16: Proposition 14 Court Case: voting analysis, June 1964-June 1966Save to your list.
Folder 17: Testimony to Governor's Commission on the Rumford Act, 1961 September 28-29, November-December 1966Save to your list.

Browse by Series:

[Series I: California Committee for Fair Practices, 1948, 1955-1968]
[Series II: Californians Against Proposition 14, 1964]
[Series III: Community Relations Conference of Southern California, 1956‑1970, 1980]
[Series IV: Emergency Committee to Aid Farm Workers, 1947-1969]
[Series V: Governor's Office, 1959-1966]
[Series VI: Citizen's Advisory Committee for School Integration, 1974-1979]
[Series VII: Personal Activities, 1952-1980],
[All]


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