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Vahdah Olcott-Bickford Collection

Overview

Abstract

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Scores

Correspondence

Personal and Subject Files

Periodicals

American Guitar Society Files

Photographic Material

Sound Recordings



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Vahdah Olcott-Bickford Collection, 1800-2008 | Special Collections & Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: Vahdah Olcott-Bickford Collection, 1800-2008Save to your list.

Predominant Dates:1923-1979

ID: IGRA/VOB

Primary Creator: Olcott-Bickford, Vahdah (1885-1980)

Extent: 88.71 Linear Feet

Arrangement:

Series I: Scores, 1800-2008

Series II: Correspondence, 1884-1987

    Subseries A: Personal, 1884-1969

    Subseries B: Musicians and Music Organizations, 1891-1987

    Subseries C: Astrological, 1915-1961

Series III: Personal and Subject Files, 1874-1994

Series IV: Periodicals, 1893-2004

Series V: American Guitar Society Files, 1924-1980

    Subseries A: Correspondence, 1924-1980

    Subseries B: Minutes, 1935-1965

    Subseries C: Programs and Other Files, 1926-1980

Series VI: Photographic Material, 1892-1970

    Subseries A: Loose Photographs, 1892-1968

    Subseries B: Albums and Scrapbooks, 1937-1970

    Subseries C: Copper Plates

Series VII: Sound Recordings

Date Acquired: 00/00/1976

Subjects: Guitar, Guitar - Instruction and study, Guitar music, Olcott-Bickford, Vahdah, 1885-1980

Forms of Material: Albums, Audio recordings, Paper records, Photographic material, Publications, Scrapbooks

Languages: English, French, German, Spanish;Castilian, Italian, Portuguese

Abstract

Vahdah Olcott-Bickford, née Ethel Lucretia Olcott, was an professional teacher of the Guitar, most well known for her influential Guitar Method, Op. 25, and the Advanced Course, Op. 116. She also wrote numerous articles about the guitar, and corresponded with other musicians and enthusiasts about the instrument throughout her long career. The Vahdah Olcott-Bickford Collection documents Olcott-Bickford’s professional life as a classical guitarist, an avid member of various organizations in the United States, her work with guitarists around the world, and her personal life. The collection includes scores, letters, photographs, newspaper clippings, receipts, articles, lecture notes, and guest books, and dates from 1874-1980.

Biographical Note

Ethel Lucretia Olcott was born on October 17, 1885 in Norwalk, Ohio. She was three years old when she and her parents moved to Los Angeles, California.  At the age of eight she started guitar lessons with George Lindsay, a well-known classic guitarist. From 1903-1904 she lived in Berkeley with Manuel Y. Ferrer, where she expanded her repertoire to include European guitar techniques. In 1914 she moved to New York where she gave concerts and lessons, and assisted Philip J. Bone with the publication of his book The Guitar and Mandolin.

She married Myron Bickford (Zarh), a well-known mandolinist and astrology enthusiast, in 1915. Once married, they both changed their names to Vahdah and Zarh Bickford. Vahdah was well known in the world of astrology.  Astrological enthusiasts from various parts of the country would request astrology readings from her.

When she returned to Los Angeles in 1923, Vahdah, along with other local guitarists, started the American Guitar Society (AGS), then known as the Los Angeles Guitar Society.  She was a major contributor to the AGS and The Crescendo ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­magazine, and was the secretary and Musical Director of the AGS for many years. As secretary she would receive personal and professional correspondence from all over the world. As a passionate contributor of AGS, Olcott-Bickford and her husband combined their names to make the Zarvah Publishing Company. Zarvah Publishing Company worked together with AGS to provide new and renewing members with published music every year.

An avid teacher of the Guitar, Olcott-Bickford is well known for her influential Guitar Method, Op. 25, and the Advanced Course, Op. 116. Olcott-Bickford also wrote numerous articles about the guitar, and corresponded with other musicians and enthusiasts about the instrument.

She continued to live in Los Angeles, and when Zarh Bickford passed away in 1961, she was devastated. She later remarried Robert Revere, once again changing her name to Vahdah Olcott-Bickford Revere.  Olcott-Bickford played guitar, and was associated with the AGS and the Astrological Society until her death in 1980. Over the course of her long and prominent career, her work influenced guitarists around the world.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Vahdah Olcott-Bickford Collection documents Olcott-Bickford’s professional life as a classical guitarist, an avid member of various organizations in the United States, her work with guitarists around the world, and her personal life.  The collection includes scores, letters, photographs, newspaper clippings, receipts, articles, lecture notes, and guest books, and dates from 1874-1980, with the bulk of materials from 1923-1979. It is divided into seven series: Scores (1800-2008), Correspondence (1884-1987), Personal and Subject Files (1882-1994), Periodicals (1893-2004), American Guitar Society Files (1924-1980), Photographic Material (1892-1970), and Sound Recordings.

Series I, Scores (1800-2008), consists of approximately 7,000 music scores of varied instrumentation, almost always including a guitar, written by a wide variety of composers. They date primarily from the 19th and 20th centuries. Some of these scores are referenced in the correspondence, especially when Olcott-Bickford received them in the mail. Some are signed by Olcott-Bickford, possibly to show her ownership, and others include personal notes. The scores were published in various parts of the world including Germany, Italy, Spain, Argentina, and are filed by identification number.

Series II, Correspondence (1884-1987), is sorted in three subseries: Personal, Musicians and Music Organizations, and Astrological. These documents date between the early 1900s and late 1970s. The Personal subseries documents Olcott-Bickford's relationships with friends and family not affiliated with the guitar. The Musicians and Music Organizations subseries documents Olcott-Bickford's interactions with other professionals, and includes commentary about performances, programs, and other music-related topics. The Astrological correspondence documents Olcott-Bickford’s interest in astrological matters, and includes correspondence between famous astrologers and friends. Many of these friends were guitarists who were also interested in astrology.  Each subseries is arranged alphabetically.

Series III, Personal and Subject Files (1874-1994), documents the broad scope of Olcott-Bickford's professional and personal interests. It contains drafts, lectures, speeches, newspaper clippings, programs, catalogs, family records, ephemera, and other notes created for Olcott-Bickford and her husband's various professional and personal obligations as musicians, composers, arrangers, guitar historians, teachers, and astrologers. These materials date across her entire career as a guitarist and astrologer, and include personal notes and unrecorded lectures which provide a view into her life as a teacher. A few records of the Zarvah Publishing Company are included in this series, as well as some Robert Revere and Zarh Bickford's personal correspondence and other materials. The series is filed alphabetically.

Series IV, Periodicals (1893-2004), includes serial publications about the guitar that Olcott-Bickford collected throughout her life. This series consists of two sub-series Complete Issues and Loose Articles. Complete Issues contain periodicals, dating from 1893-2004, which are closely related to guitar, banjo other plucked instruments. Loose Articles are clippings or tear outs from periodicals or newspapers dating from 1887-1994; they are articles highlighting the guitar or guitarists that Olcott-Bickford enjoyed reading about. Olcott-Bickford consistently and regularly added to her collection, and frequently wrote to magazines and periodicals that have since been discontinued. This series includes some articles that are specifically referred to in the Correspondence series. Periodicals range in date from the late 19th to late 20th century. Materials are filed alphabetically.

Series V, American Guitar Society Files (1924-1980), consists of items that Olcott-Bickford collected during her work founding and leading the AGS, which includes correspondence, minutes, programs, catalogs, and guest books. All of these items demonstrate the growth and development of AGS from a small organization in Los Angeles to a large society with international associations. Materials in the series date from a time when Olcott-Bickford was an active member in the early 1920s, serving as the Secretary and Musical Director of the Society, until the late 1960s.

Series VI, Photographic Material (1892-1970), contains personal and professional photographs of Olcott-Bickford, as well as photographs of people who corresponded with her and guitars. It is divided into two subseries: Loose Photographs and Albums and Scrapbooks. The series includes photographic prints, slides, negatives, photo albums, and scrapbooks. Each subseries is arranged alphabetically by file title.

Series VII, Sound Recordings, consists of recordings that Olcott-Bickford personally collected or were given to her. Some of these sound recordings include items that have a label indicating they are from the Zarvah Publishing Co., and the rest are from Olcott-Bickford and Bickford’s personal collection of sound recordings. They are dated approximately early to mid-20th century. Many recordings have not been identified because they are unlabeled. Sound recording are filed by identification number.

Subject/Index Terms

Guitar
Guitar - Instruction and study
Guitar music
Olcott-Bickford, Vahdah, 1885-1980

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections & Archives

Access Restrictions: The collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions: Copyright for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection has not been transferred to California State University, Northridge. Copyright status for other materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Acquisition Source: Vahdah Olcott-Bickford

Original/Copies Note: Digital reproductions of selected items in this collection are available electronically as a part of the Vahdah Olcott-Bickford Correspondence (IGRA) project, the International Guitar Research Archives Score Catalog, the IGRA Guitar Scores, and the International Guitar Research Archives Discography. For more information please see https://digital-library.csun.edu/.

Preferred Citation: For information about citing items in this collection consult the appropriate style manual, or see the Citing Archival Materials guide.

Processing Information: Julieta Garcia, 2012


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series I: Scores, 1800-2008]
[Series II: Correspondence, 1884-1987]
[Series III: Personal and Subject Files, 1874-1994]
[Series IV: Periodicals, 1893-2004]
[Series V: American Guitar Society Files, 1924-1980]
[Series VI: Photographic Material, 1892-1970]
[Series VII: Sound Recordings],
[All]

Series III: Personal and Subject Files, 1874-1994Save to your list.
Box 136Save to your list.
Folder 1: Academic ephemeraSave to your list.
Folder 2: Account notes, 1923-1933Save to your list.
Folder 3: Accounting materials and Life insurance book, 1914-1961Save to your list.
Folder 4: Advertisements and FlyersSave to your list.
Folder 5: American Guitar Society ephemera, 1931Save to your list.
Folder 6: American Guild, 1905-1922Save to your list.
Folder 7: Asociacion Guitarristica Argentine, 1958-1959Save to your list.
Folder 8: Astrology manuscriptsSave to your list.
Folder 9: Astrology map and notes, 1916-1980Save to your list.
Folder 10: Biographical notes for Banjo Fraternity and Bickford storySave to your list.
Folder 11: Board of Education Certification, Credential and Mental Condition, 1929-1934Save to your list.
Folder 12: Book plate crestSave to your list.
Folder 13: Catalogs, 1922Save to your list.
Folder 14: Catalogs of works, purchases, guitars and music lists, 1922-1933Save to your list.
Folder 15: Catalogs of works, purchases, guitars and music lists, 1922-1947Save to your list.
Box 137Save to your list.
Folder 1: Catalogs of works, purchases, guitars and music lists, 1944Save to your list.
Folder 2: Catalogs of works, purchases, guitars and music listsSave to your list.
Folder 3: Clippings, 1950-1973Save to your list.
Folder 4: Citizenship certificates, 1935Save to your list.
Folder 5: Clippings A-Ch, 1894-1924Save to your list.
Folder 6: Clippings The Crescendo, 1910-1930Save to your list.
Folder 7: Clippings E-Jo, 1895-1960Save to your list.
Folder 8: Clippings Justin Holland, 1887Save to your list.
Folder 9: Clippings K-M, 1910-1926Save to your list.
Folder 10: Clippings N-S, 1882-1994Save to your list.
Folder 11: Clippings T-W, 1897-1920Save to your list.
Box 138Save to your list.
Folder 1: Correspondence and Catalogues, 1926-1942Save to your list.
Folder 2: Correspondence with supplements, newspaper clippings, pictures and pamphlet, 1890-1955Save to your list.
Folder 3: Der Gitarre Freund and Friedrich Hofmeister, 1922 February 6Save to your list.
Folder 4: Ephemera, 1945Save to your list.
Folder 5: Ephemera: Biography and Report, 1949Save to your list.
Folder 6: Ephemera: Events, 1910-1969Save to your list.
Folder 7: Ephemera: Musician portraits, 1913Save to your list.
Folder 8: Ephemera: Olcott-Bickford ProfessionalSave to your list.
Folder 9: Ephemera: personal, 1929Save to your list.
Folder 10: Ephemera: Promotional material, 1926Save to your list.
Folder 11: The 5 Stringer Fretted Instrument Guild Periodical, 1950-1961Save to your list.
Folder 12: Geaneological and Historical SketchSave to your list.
Folder 13: Guest Book, 1976-1980Save to your list.
Folder 14: Homer Dinner Invitation, 1917 April 17Save to your list.
Folder 15: International Ephemera, 1950Save to your list.
Folder 16: Invoices, 1921-1922Save to your list.
Folder 17: Journal Clippings, 1897-1911Save to your list.
Folder 18: Lectures on various Guitarists I, 1930-1950Save to your list.
Box 139Save to your list.
Folder 1: Lectures on Various Guitarists II, 1917-1971Save to your list.
Folder 2: Lectures on Various Guitarists III, 1929Save to your list.
Folder 3: Lectures on Various Guitarists IVSave to your list.
Folder 4: Lectures on Various Guitarists VSave to your list.
Folder 5: List of Publications, Correspondence, and Program, 1952-1957Save to your list.
Folder 6: Manuscripts, 1935-1945Save to your list.
Folder 7: Memberships, Certificates, and Pamphlets of Various Groups, 1906-1945Save to your list.
Folder 8: Memoir of Eli Bickford and Other Documents, 1865-1961Save to your list.
Folder 9: Message from Town Clerk and Obituary, 1940Save to your list.
Folder 10: Music Articles, 1903-1959Save to your list.
Folder 11: Music Catalogs - Germany I, 1906-1929Save to your list.
Folder 12: Music Catalogs - Germany II, 1922-1929Save to your list.
Box 140Save to your list.
Folder 1: Music Catalogs - Germany III, 1914-1954Save to your list.
Folder 2: Music Catalogs - ItalySave to your list.
Folder 3: Music Catalogs - South America/Cuba, 1921-1928Save to your list.
Folder 4: Music Catalogs - Spain and Portugal, 1912Save to your list.
Folder 5: Music Catalogs - UK - Clifford Essex Music Co. Ltd.Save to your list.
Folder 6: Music Catalogs - Various Countries, 1894-1897Save to your list.
Folder 7: Music Related Ephemera, 1942-1943Save to your list.
Folder 8: Musicians PostcardsSave to your list.
Folder 9: Newspaper Clippings, 1908-1934Save to your list.
Folder 10: Newspaper Clippings, 1930-1953Save to your list.
Folder 11: Newspaper Clippngs, 1921-1978Save to your list.
Folder 12: Notebooks, 1924-1953Save to your list.
Folder 13: Notes, Receipts, and Cards, 1914-1963Save to your list.
Folder 14: Olcott Family History, 1914Save to your list.
Box 141Save to your list.
Folder 1: Personal Ephemera, 1874Save to your list.
Folder 2: Philharmonic Society of Guitarists, 1920-1959Save to your list.
Folder 3: Picture Diaries, 1925Save to your list.
Folder 4: Poems and Astrology Notes, 1967Save to your list.
Folder 5: Programs, 1933-1969Save to your list.
Folder 6: Programs I, 1901-1919Save to your list.
Folder 7: Programs II, 1920-1929Save to your list.
Folder 8: Programs III, 1930-1949Save to your list.
Folder 9: Programs IV, 1950-1959Save to your list.
Folder 10: Programs V, 1960-1974Save to your list.
Box 142Save to your list.
Folder 1: Programs, 1933-1980Save to your list.
Folder 2: Programs - Germany, 1952Save to your list.
Folder 3: Programs - Ohio, New York, and Los Angeles Performances, 1921-1949Save to your list.
Folder 4: Programs and Recitals, 1906-1931Save to your list.
Folder 5: Purcell, Ron, 1978Save to your list.
Folder 6: Radio TranscriptionSave to your list.
Folder 7: Recipe Book, Calender, Correspondence, and Photographs, 1910Save to your list.
Folder 8: Review Advertisement of Bickford's CompositionSave to your list.
Folder 9: Royalty Statement and Invoice, 1962Save to your list.
Folder 10: Sciaviattaro, M. Correspondence, 1955 June 8Save to your list.
Folder 11: Scores, 1898Save to your list.
Folder 12: Signed Mandolin Memories, 1901Save to your list.
Folder 13: Societies and Membership, 1970Save to your list.
Folder 14: Spring Song, 1882Save to your list.
Arranger: M. Y.  Ferrer
Composer: Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy
Folder 15: Subject Files, 1925-1962Save to your list.
Folder 16: Univeristy California Credit Certificate, 1929 July 15Save to your list.
Folder 17: Untiltled Articles, 1893-1985Save to your list.
Folder 18: Will and Testaments of Olcott-Bickford, 1934-1965Save to your list.
Folder 19: Zarh Death Certificate Application and Autopsy Report, 1961Save to your list.
Folder 20: Zarh Ephemera, 1952-1965Save to your list.
Folder 21: Z.M. Bickford Correspondence: Adelstein - Browne, 1916-1960Save to your list.
Box 143Save to your list.
Folder 1: Z.M. Bickford Correspondence: Bryant - Butler, 1921-1958Save to your list.
Folder 2: Z.M. Bickford Correspondence:  C. C. Birchard & Co. - Julliard School Music, 1917-1961Save to your list.
Folder 3: Z.M. Bickford Correspondence: Kelly - Prospectus, 1916-1957Save to your list.
Folder 4: Z.M. Bickford Correspondence: Raisky-Zaiky, 1920-1960Save to your list.
Folder 5: Zarvah EphemeraSave to your list.
Folder 6: Zarvah Publishing Co. Correspondence: Académie de Guitare de Paris - Schwarz-Reiflingen, 1922-1957Save to your list.
Folder 7: Zarvah Publishing Co. Correspondence: Finder and Urbanek,Inc. - Johann André, Offenbach A.M., 1922-1959Save to your list.
Folder 8: Zarvah Publishing Co. Correspondence: J.R. Lafleur & Son, Ltd. - Oxford University Press, 1922-1960Save to your list.
Folder 9: Zarvah Publishing Co. Correspondence: Pacific Music Press, Inc. - W. & G. Foyle Ltd., 1925-1961Save to your list.
Folder 10: Zarvah Publishing Co. Correspondence: Zarvah Publishing Co., 1929-1935Save to your list.
Box 144Save to your list.
Item 1: Bazar Italiano Medal, 1916 November 5Save to your list.
Folder 1: Bazar Italiano Certificate, 1916 November 5Save to your list.
Folder 2: President's Thanks and Certificate of Honorable Service, 1984 December 15Save to your list.
Box 145Save to your list.
Item 1: Olcott Family BibleSave to your list.
Box 156Save to your list.
Item 1: "B" stampSave to your list.
Box 164Save to your list.
Folder 8: Appointment Books, 1918-1921Save to your list.
Folder 9: Appointment Books, 1922-1924Save to your list.
Folder 10: Articles and Clippings, 1903-1937Save to your list.
Folder 11: Articles TranslationSave to your list.
Folder 12: Astrology, 1931Save to your list.
Box 165Save to your list.
Folder 1: Boyd Bible, 1874Save to your list.
Folder 2: Certificates, 1925-1975Save to your list.
Folder 3: Circulars, Advertisements, Pamphlets, FlyersSave to your list.
Folder 4: Circulars, Advertisements, Pamphlets, Flyers, 1894-1950Save to your list.
Folder 5: Contracts, 1919-1923Save to your list.
Folder 6: Greeting Card AssortmentSave to your list.
Folder 7: Greeting Cards: Ann - Bickford, 1924-1965Save to your list.
Folder 8: Greeting Cards: Bickford - Christopher, 1924-1966Save to your list.
Folder 9: Greeting Cards: Crysler - Joey, [1906] - 1967Save to your list.
Box 166Save to your list.
Folder 1: Greeting Cards: Johnson - [Moon], 1921-1927Save to your list.
Folder 2: Greeting Cards: Molloy - Olcott, 1924Save to your list.
Folder 3: Greeting Cards: Olcott - Olcott-BickfordSave to your list.
Folder 4: Greeting Cards: Olcott-Bickford - Unknown, 1924-1972Save to your list.
Folder 5: Greeting Cards: Unknown - Vreeland, 1924Save to your list.
Folder 6: Greeting Cards: Willard - Zobelein, 1924-1936Save to your list.
Folder 7: Guitar StringsSave to your list.
Folder 8: Guitar StringsSave to your list.
Folder 9: Memberships and SocietiesSave to your list.
Folder 10: Obituaries, 1923-1929Save to your list.
Folder 11: Programs, 1910-1931Save to your list.
Folder 12: Programs, 1897-1919Save to your list.
Folder 13: Programs, 1920-1940Save to your list.
Box 167Save to your list.
Folder 1: Programs, 1941-1963Save to your list.
Folder 2: Receipts, 1921-1963Save to your list.
Folder 3: Revere, Robert Correspondence: Adria-Unknown, 1954-1968Save to your list.
Folder 4: Robert Revere research, 1956Save to your list.
Folder 5: Seals/ Book PlatesSave to your list.
Folder 6: Song PoemSave to your list.
Folder 7: Souvenirs from METSave to your list.
Folder 8: Tattershall Family, 1904Save to your list.
Folder 9: Yearbooks, 1916, 1942Save to your list.
Flat File Cabinet 4Save to your list.
Folder 2: Cutouts, Tear-outsSave to your list.
Folder 3: Greeting CardSave to your list.
Folder 4: Guitar and Ukulele Chord FinderSave to your list.
Folder 5: ProgramSave to your list.

Browse by Series:

[Series I: Scores, 1800-2008]
[Series II: Correspondence, 1884-1987]
[Series III: Personal and Subject Files, 1874-1994]
[Series IV: Periodicals, 1893-2004]
[Series V: American Guitar Society Files, 1924-1980]
[Series VI: Photographic Material, 1892-1970]
[Series VII: Sound Recordings],
[All]


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