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Fred M. Greguras Papers



Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

China Marines Reunion Materials


Research Papers and Ephemera

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Fred M. Greguras Papers, 1841-2018 | Special Collections & Archives

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Collection Overview

Title: Fred M. Greguras Papers, 1841-2018Save to your list.


Primary Creator: Greguras, Fred M. (1943-)

Extent: 44.47 Linear Feet. More info below.


Series I: China Marines Reunion Materials, 1986-2018

Series II: Manuscripts, 2006-2018

Series III: Research Papers and Ephemera, 1841-2018

     Subseries A: Asia and Pacific Islands, 1841-2015

          Subseries 1: Hong Kong, 1841-2013

          Subseries 2: Japan, 1904-2015

          Subseries 3: Korea, 1945-2002

          Subseries 4: Pacific Islands, 1927-2015

          Subseries 5: Philippine Islands, 1892-2009

          Subseries 6: Singapore, 1881-2006

     Subseries B: China, 1886-2018

          Subseries 1: General China, 1886-2016

          Subseries 2: Peking, 1900-2017

          Subseries 3: Shanghai, 1906-2017

          Subseries 4: Tientsin, 1900-2016

          Subseries 5: Tsingtao, 1894-2018

Date Acquired: 04/00/2007. More info below under Accruals.

Forms of Material: Paper records

Languages: English


Fred M. Greguras served as a United States Marine in Vietnam in 1970 with Hotel Company, 2nd Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, before entering the field of law and becoming a partner at a law firm in California. The Fred M. Greguras Papers reflect his research and writing interest in U.S. Marine history through manuscripts, research materials, photographs, and collected ephemera that focus on China Marines and the presence of the U.S. military in Asia.

Biographical Note

Fred M. Greguras was born in Omaha, Nebraska on December 3, 1943. He attended the University of Nebraska, Omaha, where he earned a Bachelor of Arts in mathematics in 1966 and a Masters of Science in mathematics and computer science in 1968. In 1969, Greguras joined the United States Marine Corps, and in 1970 he served a tour of duty in Vietnam with the Hotel Company, 2nd Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment. After completing his service in the Marine Corps as a captain in 1972, Greguras earned a law degree from the University of Nebraska in 1975. His work as a business lawyer and entrepreneur led him to California to work as a partner in a law firm, venture capitalist, and startup company general counsel and CFO. In addition to his work as an attorney, Greguras is also a Marine historian, and has taken numerous trips to China and Asia to research sites affiliated with Marines.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Fred M. Greguras Papers consist of research materials and manuscripts related to the history of the United States Marines in China, primarily before and during World War II. Greguras' work charts the China Marine presence throughout the region, with a particular focus on documenting the physical landscape and built environment as they change over time. This also includes documentation of other military presences in the region, and material related to China Marines reunions in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. The collection is arranged in three series: China Marines Reunion Materials (1986-2018), Manuscripts (2006-2018), and Research Papers and Ephemera (1841-2018).

Series I, China Marines Reunion Materials, includes newsletters, correspondence, audiovisual materials, and ephemera related to China Marines reunion activities. These materials include information about event schedules, association membership, and China Marines' memories and reflections of their lived experiences. These files are arranged chronologically.

Series II, Manuscripts, includes manuscripts written by Fred M. Greguras based upon his extensive historical and field research. These reports shed light onto the historical use and current status of Marine Corps related places in China. These files are arranged alphabetically by title, and then chronologically.

Series III, Research Papers and Ephemera, includes research notes, serials, photographs, maps, and ephemera collected by Greguras in pursuit of his research endeavors. These materials document the presence of the Marines in China, and the movement of China Marine units to other locations in Asia before or after being stationed in China. It is divided into two subseries, Asia and Pacific Islands (1841-2015) and China (1886-2018). Materials are arranged by geographic region, and then alphabetically within region.

Subseries A, Asia and Pacific Islands, documents the presence of the China Marines in greater Asia and the Pacific before, during, and after World War II. This includes the movements of the 1st and 6th Marine Divisions from the mainland of Japan to China, as well as materials related to rest and recuperation locations from the Vietnam War era. It is divided into six subseries, Hong Kong (1841-2013), Japan (1904-2015), Korea (1945-2002), Pacific Islands (1927-2015), Philippine Islands (1892-2009), and Singapore (1881-2006). Hong Kong includes tourist booklets, postcards, and hotel ephemera primarily related to the region's role as a destination for American military personnel on rest and recuperation. It also contains photographs and other ephemera that document the British military presence in Hong Kong. Japan primarily documents Japanese military perspectives in China and Manchuria, and the American military occupation of post-World War II Japan. Korea includes materials from the Korean War period, military base yearbooks, and documentation of U.S. military sites. Pacific Islands includes locations in the Pacific where Marines fought during World War II before serving in China at the close of the war. Philippine Islands, reflects the American military's role in the region from the late 19th century through World War II, and documents military perspectives of the Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, American imperialism and expansionism, Subic Bay, and the Fourth Marines in Corregidor. Singapore, includes ephemera and maps related to the British military during the time of British imperial rule, and the city-state's role as a rest and recuperation location.

Subseries B, China, includes Greguras' research on the American military presence in China, with a focus on physical billet locations and both their past and contemporary conditions. It is divided into five subseries, General China (1886-2016), Peking (1900-2017), Shanghai (1906-2017), Tientsin (1900-2016), and Tsingtao (1894-2018). General China, includes materials that span multiple locations in China and are generally not tied to a specific location. Locations represented here, but not represented by individual subseries elsewhere, include Hsin Ho, Peitaiho, and Tang Ku, the port for Tientsin and Peking. This series also includes U.S. Marine Corps recruiting materials. Peking, materials focus on Legation Street and the Legation area, the Marines' role in the Boxer Rebellion or Yihetuan Movement, Nan Yuan Field of the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing (MAW) post-World War II, and the Red Cross run Embassy Club. Shanghai, follows the Fourth Marines in Shanghai from 1921-1941, the International Settlements, the Army and Navy personnel presence after World War II, and the evolution of the built environment through Greguras' own photographs taken around the turn of the 21st century. Tientsin includes materials related to the Battle of Tientsin in 1900, the U.S. barracks for the 15th Infantry and the Marines by Race Course Road, and construction of the brigade airfield at Hsin Ho. Tsingtao includes maps from the German imperial period pre-World War II, materials on the 6th Marine Division officers' club, and many souvenir handkerchiefs purchased by servicemen.

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections & Archives

Accruals: 2010, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018

Alternate Extent Statement: 7.76 MB

Access Restrictions: The collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions: Copyright for unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator(s) of this collection has not been transferred to California State University, Northridge. Copyright status for other materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Acquisition Source: Fred M. Greguras

Related Materials:

Old China Hands Archives

Fred M. Greguras Collection at the Nebraska State Historical Society

Preferred Citation: For information about citing items in this collection consult the appropriate style manual, or see the Citing Archival Materials guide.

Processing Information: Jessica Geiser, 2013

Finding Aid Revision History:

Christine Hertzel, 2015

Mallory Furnier, 2017, 2019

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series I: China Marines Reunion Materials, 1986-2018]
[Series II: Manuscripts, 2006-2018]
[Series III: Research Papers and Ephemera, 1841-2018],

Series I: China Marines Reunion Materials, 1986-2018Save to your list.
Box 1Save to your list.
Folder 1: China Marines HistorySave to your list.
Folder 2: South China Patrol Association Membership Card and Certificate, 1986-1987Save to your list.
Folder 3: South China Patrol Fifth Annual Reunion Booklet, 1990 MaySave to your list.
Folder 4: China Marine Association Membership Directories, 1993-1996Save to your list.
Folder 5: China Marine Association, Reunion Programs, 1998-1999Save to your list.
Folder 6: China Marine Association Membership Directories, 1998, 2005Save to your list.
Folder 7: China Marine Association Program, 2006, 2013Save to your list.
Folder 8: North China Marine Prisoner of War Reunion Ephemera and Bulletin, 2006-2007Save to your list.
Folder 9: North China Marine Prisoners of War Reunion Ephemera, 2007 July-SeptemberSave to your list.
Folder 10: North China Marine Prisoners of War Bulletins and Rosters, 2007-2016Save to your list.
Folder 11: China Marines Association Photo Tour Presentation, 2013 September 21Save to your list.
Folder 12: North China Marines POW Bulletin, January 2018Save to your list.
Box 58Save to your list.
Item 1: China Marine Reunion Tour Mainland China Tape 1 VHS, 1990 April 9-25Save to your list.
Item 2: China Marine Reunion Tour Mainland China Tape 2 VHS, 1990 April 9-25Save to your list.
Digital Box 62Save to your list.
Folder 1: Spearhead News, 2018Save to your list.

Browse by Series:

[Series I: China Marines Reunion Materials, 1986-2018]
[Series II: Manuscripts, 2006-2018]
[Series III: Research Papers and Ephemera, 1841-2018],

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